## Compressive Sensing of Cyclostationary Propeller Noise (2023)

Cyclic Spectral Analysis of GPS signal

The aim of this thesis is to propose cyclostationary--based techniques in order to improve GPS system performance with respect to synchronization and parameter estimation problems, in severe noise and interference environments. A detailed analytical model is derived for the GPS-L1 signal which is shown to be second-order cyclostationary. Closed forms for the the cyclic autocorrelation functions and cyclic spectra are derived for the complex envelope of this signal. It is shown that different signal models must be considered for different data-record lengths of interest in the applications. Effect of the satellite motion on the received GPS signal is investigated in order to correctly model the propagation channel between a GPS satellite and a stationary receiver on the Earth surface. A general Doppler model is assumed, where the so--called narrow band condition is not satisfied. Thus, the Doppler effect is modeled ...

Perna, Ivana — University of Naples "Parthenope"

Bayesian Compressed Sensing using Alpha-Stable Distributions

During the last decades, information is being gathered and processed at an explosive rate. This fact gives rise to a very important issue, that is, how to effectively and precisely describe the information content of a given source signal or an ensemble of source signals, such that it can be stored, processed or transmitted by taking into consideration the limitations and capabilities of the several digital devices. One of the fundamental principles of signal processing for decades is the Nyquist-Shannon sampling theorem, which states that the minimum number of samples needed to reconstruct a signal without error is dictated by its bandwidth. However, there are many cases in our everyday life in which sampling at the Nyquist rate results in too many data and thus, demanding an increased processing power, as well as storage requirements. A mathematical theory that emerged ...

Tzagkarakis, George — University of Crete

Robust Methods for Sensing and Reconstructing Sparse Signals

Compressed sensing (CS) is a recently introduced signal acquisition framework that goes against the traditional Nyquist sampling paradigm. CS demonstrates that a sparse, or compressible, signal can be acquired using a low rate acquisition process. Since noise is always present in practical data acquisition systems, sensing and reconstruction methods are developed assuming a Gaussian (light-tailed) model for the corrupting noise. However, when the underlying signal and/or the measurements are corrupted by impulsive noise, commonly employed linear sampling operators, coupled with Gaussian-derived reconstruction algorithms, fail to recover a close approximation of the signal. This dissertation develops robust sampling and reconstruction methods for sparse signals in the presence of impulsive noise. To achieve this objective, we make use of robust statistics theory to develop appropriate methods addressing the problem of impulsive noise in CS systems. We develop a generalized Cauchy distribution (GCD) ...

Carrillo, Rafael — University of Delaware

Cyclostationary Blind Equalisation in Mobile Communications

Blind channel identication and equalisation are the processes by which a channel impulse response can be identified and proper equaliser filter coeffcients can be obtained, without knowledge of the transmitted signal. Techniques that exploit cyclostationarity can reveal information about systems which are nonminimum phase, nonminimum phase channels cannot be identied using only second-order statistics (SOS), because these do not contain the necessary phase information. Cyclostationary blind equalisation methods exploit the fact that, sampling the received signal at a rate higher than the transmitted signal symbol rate, the received signal becomes cyclostationary. In general, cyclostationary blind equalisers can identify a channel with less data than higher-order statistics (HOS) methods, and unlike these, noconstraint is imposed on the probability distribution function of the input signal. Nevertheless, cyclostationary methods suffer from some drawbacks, such as the fact that some channels are unidentiable when ...

Altuna, Jon — University Of Edinburgh

Sparse Signal Recovery From Incomplete And Perturbed Data

Sparse signal recovery consists of algorithms that are able to recover undersampled high dimensional signals accurately. These algorithms require fewer measurements than traditional Shannon/Nyquist sampling theorem demands. Sparse signal recovery has found many applications including magnetic resonance imaging, electromagnetic inverse scattering, radar/sonar imaging, seismic data collection, sensor array processing and channel estimation. The focus of this thesis is on electromagentic inverse scattering problem and joint estimation of the frequency offset and the channel impulse response in OFDM. In the electromagnetic inverse scattering problem, the aim is to find the electromagnetic properties of unknown targets from measured scattered field. The reconstruction of closely placed point-like objects is investigated. The application of the greedy pursuit based sparse recovery methods, OMP and FTB-OMP, is proposed for increasing the reconstruction resolution. The performances of the proposed methods are compared against NESTA and MT-BCS methods. ...

Senyuva, Rifat Volkan — Bogazici University

Signal acquisition is a main topic in signal processing. The well-known Shannon-Nyquist theorem lies at the heart of any conventional analog to digital converters stating that any signal has to be sampled with a constant frequency which must be at least twice the highest frequency present in the signal in order to perfectly recover the signal. However, the Shannon-Nyquist theorem provides a worst-case rate bound for any bandlimited data. In this context, Compressive Sensing (CS) is a new framework in which data acquisition and data processing are merged. CS allows to compress the data while is sampled by exploiting the sparsity present in many common signals. In so doing, it provides an efficient way to reduce the number of measurements needed for perfect recovery of the signal. CS has exploded in recent years with thousands of technical publications and applications ...

Lagunas, Eva — Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya

Group-Sparse Regression - With Applications in Spectral Analysis and Audio Signal Processing

This doctorate thesis focuses on sparse regression, a statistical modeling tool for selecting valuable predictors in underdetermined linear models. By imposing different constraints on the structure of the variable vector in the regression problem, one obtains estimates which have sparse supports, i.e., where only a few of the elements in the response variable have non-zero values. The thesis collects six papers which, to a varying extent, deals with the applications, implementations, modifications, translations, and other analysis of such problems. Sparse regression is often used to approximate additive models with intricate, non-linear, non-smooth or otherwise problematic functions, by creating an underdetermined model consisting of candidate values for these functions, and linear response variables which selects among the candidates. Sparse regression is therefore a widely used tool in applications such as, e.g., image processing, audio processing, seismological and biomedical modeling, but is ...

Kronvall, Ted — Lund University

Direction of Arrival Estimation and Localization Exploiting Sparse and One-Bit Sampling

Data acquisition is a necessary first step in digital signal processing applications such as radar, wireless communications and array processing. Traditionally, this process is performed by uniformly sampling signals at a frequency above the Nyquist rate and converting the resulting samples into digital numeric values through high-resolution amplitude quantization. While the traditional approach to data acquisition is straightforward and extremely well-proven, it may be either impractical or impossible in many modern applications due to the existing fundamental trade-off between sampling rate, amplitude quantization precision, implementation costs, and usage of physical resources, e.g. bandwidth and power consumption. Motivated by this fact, system designers have recently proposed exploiting sparse and few-bit quantized sampling instead of the traditional way of data acquisition in order to reduce implementation costs and usage of physical resources in such applications. However, before transition from the tradition data ...

Saeid Sedighi — University of Luxembourg

Bayesian methods for sparse and low-rank matrix problems

Many scientific and engineering problems require us to process measurements and data in order to extract information. Since we base decisions on information, it is important to design accurate and efficient processing algorithms. This is often done by modeling the signal of interest and the noise in the problem. One type of modeling is Compressed Sensing, where the signal has a sparse or low-rank representation. In this thesis we study different approaches to designing algorithms for sparse and low-rank problems. Greedy methods are fast methods for sparse problems which iteratively detects and estimates the non-zero components. By modeling the detection problem as an array processing problem and a Bayesian filtering problem, we improve the detection accuracy. Bayesian methods approximate the sparsity by probability distributions which are iteratively modified. We show one approach to making the Bayesian method the Relevance Vector ...

Sundin, Martin — Department of Signal Processing, Royal Institute of Technology KTH

Sparse Sensing for Statistical Inference: Theory, Algorithms, and Applications

In today's society, we are flooded with massive volumes of data in the order of a billion gigabytes on a daily basis from pervasive sensors. It is becoming increasingly challenging to locally store and transport the acquired data to a central location for signal/data processing (i.e., for inference). To alleviate these problems, it is evident that there is an urgent need to significantly reduce the sensing cost (i.e., the number of expensive sensors) as well as the related memory and bandwidth requirements by developing unconventional sensing mechanisms to extract as much information as possible yet collecting fewer data. The first aim of this thesis is to develop theory and algorithms for data reduction. We develop a data reduction tool called sparse sensing, which consists of a deterministic and structured sensing function (guided by a sparse vector) that is optimally designed ...

Chepuri, Sundeep Prabhakar — Delft University of Technology

Condition monitoring of machines through vibration analysis has been successfully applied on different types of machines for several decades. However, there are still some mechanical systems where its use has not given the same good results. Epicyclic gearboxes (EG) belong to this group of systems. Due to its special characteristics, EG are used in a wide range of applications within the drive technology, mostly when high power transmission is required. Machines dealing with high power transmission are typically critical, which means that a large part of the process in which they are involved depends on their appropriate operation. Hence, there is a high interest on a solution that can effectively detect failures in EG at an early stage, before they evolve and produce major breakdowns. Probably the most important reason for the deficient results of failure detection on EG through ...

Molina Vicuna, Cristian — RWTH Aachen University

Advanced Signal Processing Concepts for Multi-Dimensional Communication Systems

The widespread use of mobile internet and smart applications has led to an explosive growth in mobile data traffic. With the rise of smart homes, smart buildings, and smart cities, this demand is ever growing since future communication systems will require the integration of multiple networks serving diverse sectors, domains and applications, such as multimedia, virtual or augmented reality, machine-to-machine (M2M) communication / the Internet of things (IoT), automotive applications, and many more. Therefore, in the future, the communication systems will not only be required to provide Gbps wireless connectivity but also fulfill other requirements such as low latency and massive machine type connectivity while ensuring the quality of service. Without significant technological advances to increase the system capacity, the existing telecommunications infrastructure will be unable to support these multi-dimensional requirements. This poses an important demand for suitable waveforms with ...

Cheema, Sher Ali — Technische Universität Ilmenau

When the noise affecting time series is colored with unknown statistics, a difficulty for periodic signal detection is to control the true significance level at which the detection tests are conducted. This thesis investigates the possibility of using training datasets of the noise to improve this control. Specifically, for the case of regularly sampled observations, we analyze the performances of various detectors applied to periodograms standardized using the noise training datasets. Emphasis is put on sparse detection in the Fourier domain and on the limitation posed by the necessary finite size of the training sets available in practice. We study the resulting false alarm and detection rates and show that the proposed standardization leads, in some cases, to powerful constant false alarm rate tests. Although analytical results are derived in an asymptotic regime, numerical results show that the theory accurately ...

Sulis Sophia — Université Côte d’Azur

Sparsity in Linear Predictive Coding of Speech

This thesis deals with developing improved modeling methods for speech and audio processing based on the recent developments in sparse signal representation. In particular, this work is motivated by the need to address some of the limitations of the well-known linear prediction (LP) based all-pole models currently applied in many modern speech and audio processing systems. In the first part of this thesis, we introduce \emph{Sparse Linear Prediction}, a set of speech processing tools created by introducing sparsity constraints into the LP framework. This approach defines predictors that look for a sparse residual rather than a minimum variance one, with direct applications to coding but also consistent with the speech production model of voiced speech, where the excitation of the all-pole filter is model as an impulse train. Introducing sparsity in the LP framework, will also bring to develop the ...

Giacobello, Daniele — Aalborg University

Search-Based Methods for the Sparse Signal Recovery Problem in Compressed Sensing

The sparse signal recovery, which appears not only in compressed sensing but also in other related problems such as sparse overcomplete representations, denoising, sparse learning, etc. has drawn a large attraction in the last decade. The literature contains a vast number of recovery methods, which have been analysed in theoretical and empirical aspects. This dissertation presents novel search-based sparse signal recovery methods. First, we discuss theoretical analysis of the orthogonal matching pursuit algorithm with more iterations than the number of nonzero elements of the underlying sparse signal. Second, best-fi rst tree search is incorporated for sparse recovery by a novel method, whose tractability follows from the properly de fined cost models and pruning techniques. The proposed method is evaluated by both theoretical and empirical analyses, which clearly emphasize the improvements in the recovery accuracy. Next, we introduce an iterative two ...

Karahanoglu, Nazim Burak — Sabanci University

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